sábado, 16 de abril de 2011

A generic JSON serializer

#ifndef JSON_SERIALIZER_HPP
#define JSON_SERIALIZER_HPP

#include <boost/type_traits.hpp> // is_array, is_class, remove_bounds

#include <boost/mpl/eval_if.hpp>
#include <boost/mpl/identity.hpp>
#include <boost/mpl/next_prior.hpp>

#include <boost/fusion/mpl.hpp>
#include <boost/fusion/adapted.hpp> // BOOST_FUSION_ADAPT_STRUCT

// boost::fusion::result_of::value_at
#include <boost/fusion/sequence/intrinsic/value_at.hpp>
#include <boost/fusion/include/value_at.hpp>

// boost::fusion::result_of::size
#include <boost/fusion/sequence/intrinsic/size.hpp>
#include <boost/fusion/include/size.hpp>

// boost::fusion::at
#include <boost/fusion/sequence/intrinsic/at.hpp>
#include <boost/fusion/include/at.hpp>


namespace json
{

// Forward
template < typename T >
struct serializer;

namespace detail
{

namespace iterator
{

template < typename S, typename N >
struct Comma
{
    template < typename Ostream >
    static inline void comma(Ostream& os)
    {
        os << ", ";
    }
};

template < typename S >
struct Comma< S, typename boost::mpl::prior< typename boost::fusion::result_of::size< S >::type >::type >
{
    template < typename Ostream >
    static inline void comma(Ostream& os)
    {
    }
};

// Iteracion sobre una estructura
template < typename S, typename N >
struct StructImpl
{
    // Tipo del campo actual
    typedef typename boost::fusion::result_of::value_at< S, N >::type current_t;
    typedef typename boost::mpl::next< N >::type next_t;
    typedef boost::fusion::extension::struct_member_name< S, N::value > name_t;

    template < typename Ostream >
    static inline void serialize(Ostream& os, const S& s)
    {
        os << "\"" << name_t::call() << "\": ";
        ::json::serializer< current_t >::serialize(os, boost::fusion::at< N >(s));
    
        // Insert comma or not    
        Comma< S, N >::comma(os);

        StructImpl< S, next_t >::serialize(os, s);
    }
};

// Fin de la iteracion sobre estructuras.
template < typename S >
struct StructImpl< S, typename boost::fusion::result_of::size< S >::type >
{
    template < typename Ostream >
    static inline void serialize(Ostream& os, const S& s)
    {
        // Nada que hacer
    }
};

// Iterador sobre una estructura. Template fachada.
template < typename S >
struct Struct : StructImpl< S, boost::mpl::int_< 0 > > {};

} // iterator

template < typename T >
struct array_serializer 
{
    typedef array_serializer< T > type;

    typedef typename boost::remove_bounds< T >::type slice_t;

    static const size_t size = sizeof(T) / sizeof(slice_t);

    template < typename Ostream >
    static inline void serialize(Ostream& os, const T& t)
    {
        os << "[";
        for(size_t idx=0; idx<size; idx++)
        {
            ::json::serializer< slice_t >::serialize(os, t[idx]);
            if (idx != size-1)
                os << ", ";
        }
        os << "]";
    }

};

template < typename T >
struct struct_serializer 
{
    typedef struct_serializer< T > type;

    template < typename Ostream >
    static inline void serialize(Ostream& os, const T& t)
    {
        os << "{";
        iterator::Struct< T >::serialize(os, t);
        os << "}";
    }
};

template < typename T >
struct arithmetic_serializer 
{
    typedef arithmetic_serializer< T > type;

    template < typename Ostream >
    static inline void serialize(Ostream& os, const T& t)
    {
        os << t;
    }
};

template < typename T >
struct calculate_serializer
{
    typedef
        typename boost::mpl::eval_if< boost::is_array< T >,
            boost::mpl::identity< array_serializer < T > >,
        //else
        typename boost::mpl::eval_if< boost::is_class< T >,
            boost::mpl::identity< struct_serializer < T > >,
        //else
            boost::mpl::identity< arithmetic_serializer < T > >
        >
        >::type type;

};

} // detail

template < typename T >
struct serializer : public detail::calculate_serializer < T >::type
{
};


} // json

#endif // JSON_SERIALIZER_HPP

Sample usage:

#include "json.hpp"
#include <iostream>

struct my_other_struct
{
    int my_other_integer;
};

struct my_struct
{
    int my_integer;

    typedef int my_array_t[2];
    my_array_t my_array;

    typedef my_other_struct my_other_structs_t[3];
    my_other_structs_t my_other_structs;
};

BOOST_FUSION_ADAPT_STRUCT(my_struct, (int, my_integer) (my_struct::my_array_t, my_array) (my_struct::my_other_structs_t, my_other_structs))
BOOST_FUSION_ADAPT_STRUCT(my_other_struct, (int, my_other_integer))


int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    my_struct s1 = my_struct();

    json::serializer< my_struct >::serialize(std::cout, s1);

    std::cout << std::endl;
}

Result:

{"my_integer": 0, "my_array": [0, 0], "my_other_structs": [{"my_other_integer": 0}, {"my_other_integer": 0}, {"my_other_integer": 0}]}

Boost C++ Libraries 1.45.0 or greater required!

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